Beljanica is a typical limestone mountain, and as such, it is rich in various surface and underground karst forms. It stretches in an east-west direction for about 30 km. The asymmetric mountain is about 15 km wide. The northern slopes are slowly descending towards the Mlava River, while in the south, towards the Resava River, they end in steep sections. The highest peak is also called “Beljanica”, and it is 1339 meters above sea level.

Beljanica is dominated by the karst relief. The two coves, Rečke and Busovata, stand out for their attractiveness. At the bottom of these depressions, numerous streams were formed whose waters disappeared into the pits in the piedmonts of the limestone edges. There are more sinkholes than coves. However, they are smaller and overgrown with forest and grass vegetation, so, they are suitable for cattle breeding and agriculture. Other surface karst forms that one can discern on Beljanica are the limestone pavements. They are formed by dissolving carbonate rocks under the influence of water. At the point where the northern slope of Beljanica reaches the basin of Žagubica and the Krepoljin - Krupaj basin, several strong karst springs appear (Žagubica spring, Krupaj spring, Belosavac, the Spring of Suvi Do, the Spring of Izvarica, the Spring of Mala Tisnica, and the Spring of Lopušnja) which represent the underground karst forms. These springs, for being natural resources, represent a great tourism potential that the Municipality of Žagubica can exploit. Besides these springs, one can also see a small but beautiful waterfall “Beljanički Buk” which is located in the part of Beljanica that belongs to the territory of Žagubica. The southern edges of the mountain which belong to the Municipality of Despotovac are rich in numerous caves. One of them is Resava cave. It is the most visited and the best-explored cave in Serbia. Near Resava cave, in the area called Lisine, one can find a bigger waterfall “Buk”. Along with the cave, it represents a tourist attraction in the southern part of Beljanica. A macadam road leads over Beljanica in the direction of Žagubica - Buk - Busovata - Rečke - Sladaja (Municipality of Despotovac). The road is 49 kilometers long and it is connected with the most significant roads of Homolje, namely, the Petrovac - Bor road and the Krepoljin - Despotovac road. Beljanica has a great tourism potential for the development of recreational, excursion, winter, and ecotourism due to its natural and ecological-tourist values, such as the following: favorable altitude, landscape preservation, clean mountain air, numerous springs and watercourses, lush vegetation, diverse fauna, good traffic connections, etc.

 

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